Why Use Original Documents?

History functions for a nation as memory does for an individual. Without memory, an individual or a nation has no identity, and ultimately, no existence. With false memories, each has only a distorted sense of self, misconceptions of virtues and vices, strengths and weaknesses—and hence little chance of a better life.

Government in the fullest sense is the way a people organize their common life to make it a better life. In the United States, the fullest expression of government is the self-governing of the American people. Preserving self-government requires clear-sighted attention to our fundamental principles.

These principles are found in the primary documents of our history. We aim to understand those documents as their authors did. This implies that we can escape our own time and understand something from another time. Indeed, one cannot deny this without self-contradiction: the denial would have to claim to be always true, thus to escape our time, as it denied such an escape was possible. If we can understand the documents of the past, then our minds are free from the present. If they are free from the present, then they are also free from the limits of gender, race, and socio-economic status that characterize us here and now. That our minds are free from these things means that we share a common humanity. It means, in the most important sense, that all men are created equal. Using primary documents to understand what their authors meant is simultaneously a defense of human freedom and equality.

At the Ashbrook Academy, our manner of using these documents reinforces, as it derives from, the primacy of equality and freedom, which we understand to be not only fundamental political principles but fundamental educational principles. All participants in a seminar should engage with each other as fellow students, as equals with one another in devotion to the truth and to understanding the documents they study as their authors understood them. They should talk with each other in a seminar as free and equal individuals should. This manner implies, in brief, that a seminar is a small republic. What is required for a serious conversation about important things (free attention to the truth, listening to others, waiting one’s turn to speak, modest but assertive statements of one’s views, etc.) are, writ large, the kind of virtues needed for republican life, for ruling and being ruled in turn. This manner encourages those involved to raise their expectations of themselves, making themselves better citizens than they would otherwise be. At their best, our classes reenact the Founding of the Republic and thereby preserve it. They strengthen the American republic by inculcating the manners, understanding, and inclinations self-governing citizens require.

About the Ashbrook Academy in American History

Ashbrook for…

The Ashbrook Academy in American History is a summer program designed for rising high school juniors and seniors who share a deep interest in American history and politics. Unlike other courses or programs that tend to erode young Americans’ proper pride in their country by emphasizing its historical failures, the Academy invites students to consider the American experiment as a historical triumph, a victory for reason and the human spirit that warrants grateful celebration but also demands serious study. We welcome your participation.

The Academy meets for seven days (June 14-20, 2020) immersing participants in a deep study of the biggest challenges that have faced our Republic. We hold two separate academies simultaneously – one that surveys the most important questions that have faced our nation from its founding to the civil rights era and a second that provides a more focused study on the Civil War era for more advanced students. This summer’s academies will be held using an online format as a result of the COVID-19 outbreak.

The Ashbrook Academy takes history out of textbooks and into your life. By the end of the program, students will have acquired a deep understanding of the fundamental principles that define and unite us as Americans.